On Disinformation

Now Available

A powerful, pocket-sized citizen’s guide on how to fight back against the disinformation campaigns that are imperiling American democracy.

Science Denier

"Timely and founded in sound psychology, How to Talk to a Science Denier is vital reading for fraught times."

Foreword Reviews, STARRED REVIEW

"Well-argued . . . provides ingenious insights throughout."

Kirkus Reviews

Scientific Attitude

"In this age of fake news and alternative facts, this important book could not come at a more crucial time."

—Michael Shermer, Skeptic Magazine

Reviewed in Publishers Weekly
Reviewed in The Guardian
Finalist in philosophy for the PROSE Awards
Post truth

"McIntyre’s book is perhaps the most thoughtful of the post-truth set…."

—Carlos Lozada, The Washington Post

CNN Book of the Week
Best Books of 2018
on the PBS News Hour
Forbes Magazine College Reading List
for the Post-Truth Era
Choice Outstanding Academic Title, 2018
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Science, facts, truth, and evidence are under attack. Philosophers have been concerned with these topics for years, but where are they now that the world needs them?

In Post-Truth, I set out to explain how we got into this mess, which started with seventy years of science denial, and was exacerbated by cognitive bias, the decline of traditional media, the rise of social media, and other factors. I define post-truth as the “political subordination of reality.” But does this mean that facts and truth don’t matter anymore?

Certainly not. And in fact science provides a set of values that are the direct opposite of post-truth. In The Scientific Attitude, I set out to develop a new understanding of what is distinctive about science and show how this can be used to fight back against science deniers and pseudoscientists. Here I emphasize the idea that scientists care about evidence and are willing to change their minds based on new evidence, which reveals a community spirit of criticism that just might show us the way out of dogma and ideology.

Is it possible to get through to someone who does not have the scientific attitude? Yes, possibly, but one must accept the idea that facts and evidence alone probably aren’t enough. Instead we must start with the effort to establish trust. At this point I hit the road to talk to Flat Earthers and other science deniers face to face, based on the premise that calm, patient, respectful, conversation was probably the best way to build trust. This was exhilarating and I learned a lot, but then the coronavirus hit! My next book How to Talk to a Science Denier was already underway, so I hunkered down at home and added a chapter on the politicization of vaccine denial, while I watched with fascination and horror as a new form of science denial was born before our eyes.

And then, incredibly, things got worse. As a result of the 2020 election—which spawned Trump’s “big lie” and the January 6th insurrection—I realized that the flawed blueprint of science denial had now metastasized into a form of “reality denial,” with stakes much higher than any of us could imagine. Would the prescription from my previous book still work? Yes in part, but I now saw that the problem was even wider, with more insidious forces at work. Denialism doesn’t spring from misinformation so much as disinformation, which means that there is someone behind it. Most of the falsehoods behind denialism are intentionally created, by those who seek to benefit from the creation of doubt and confusion among the “true believers” who are their victims. As a result I wrote On Disinformation which is a short, pocket-sized “manifesto” that finishes the story Post-Truth started. Here I examine how disinformation is created, amplified, and believed, and suggest that it is the driving force behind the kind of distrust and enmity that has gripped our world in recent years. Our current epistemic crisis isn’t the result of a mistake or an accident; it was part of a strategic denialist campaign.

I’m trained as a philosopher—and still keep my hand in scholarship and teaching—but these days my goal is to write philosophy that engages a much larger audience, about the questions that concern us all. Whether in fiction or non-fiction, I’m fascinated with ideas at the heart of what we care about most, which for me is truth, science, reason, and democracy. In some sense, this way of doing philosophy is a return to its birthright, when Socrates and his followers considered anything and everything to be a suitable topic for philosophical discussion. They hoped that the pursuit of wisdom might lead not just to more knowledge but also a better life. I’m fascinated with the idea of how we might still make good on this promise, despite all the challenges of the modern era.

Feel free to sign up for my mailing list or email me with your own ideas about how philosophy can be made more accessible and relevant to the quality of human life. I’d love to hear from you.